Teaching and Learning


GANAG is a lesson schema which includes a set of sequenced steps; it allows teachers to plan for students to use the nine high yield research-based instructional strategies. The structure is as follows:

  • Goal setting: the teacher sets a goal which is non-specific to the content of the lesson, e.g. to use forensic skills in the solving of a crime NOT to use forensic skills to solve The Mysterious Death of Madeleine Macintosh.
  • Access Prior Knowledge: students’ existing knowledge and awareness are used to contextualize the goal and provide a basis for the learning that is to follow.
  • New Information: consists of new and unfamiliar information and skills necessary for the realization of the goal.
  • Application of knowledge: involves practical application of the learning in the context of prior knowledge and additional new knowledge.
  • Goal revisited: asks the questions: Have students achieved the goal? In its entirety or partially? Can students contextualize their learning?